Data Feminism by Catherine D'Ignazio; Lauren F. Klein
Publication Date: 2020-02-21
Data Feminism offers strategies for data scientists seeking to learn how feminism can help them work toward justice, and for feminists who want to focus their efforts on the growing field of data science. But Data Feminism is about much more than gender. It is about power, about who has it and who doesn't, and about how those differentials of power can be challenged and changed.
Race after Technology by Ruha Benjamin
Publication Date: 2019-06-17
Investigates structural racism built into code and tech, how tech can reinforce white supremacy and deepen social inequality. Benjamin Provides tools for decoding tech promises and challenges new coders and technologists to build something different than the New Jim Code.
Dark Matters by Simone Browne
Publication Date: 2015-10-02
Locates the conditions of Blackness as a key site through which surveillance is practiced, narrated, and resisted. She shows how contemporary surveillance technologies and practices are informed by the long history of racial formation and by the methods of policing Black life under slavery, such as branding, runaway slave notices, and lantern laws. Placing surveillance studies into conversation with the archive of transatlantic slavery and its afterlife, Browne draws from Black feminist theory, sociology, and cultural studies to analyze texts as diverse as the methods of surveilling Blackness.
Algorithms of Oppression by Safiya Umoja Noble
Publication Date: 2018-02-20
In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color.
Weapons of Math Destruction by Cathy O'Neil
Publication Date: 2017-09-05
Tracing the arc of a person's life, O'Neil exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. These 'weapons of math destruction' score teachers and students, sort résumés, grant (or deny) loans, evaluate workers, target voters, set parole, and monitor our health. O'Neil calls on modelers to take more responsibility for their algorithms and on policy makers to regulate their use. But in the end, it's up to us to become more savvy about the models that govern our lives.
Ours to Hack and to Own by Trebor Scholz (Editor); Nathan Schneider (Editor)
Publication Date: 2017-08-15
Real democracy and the Internet are not mutually exclusive. Here, for the first time in one volume, are some of the most cogent thinkers and doers on the subject of the cooptation of the Internet, and how we can resist and reverse the process. The activists who have put together Ours to Hack and to Own argue for a new kind of online economy: platform cooperativism, which combines the rich heritage of cooperatives with the promise of 21st-century technologies, free from monopoly, exploitation, and surveillance. The on-demand economy is reversing the rights and protections workers fought for centuries to win. Ordinary Internet users, meanwhile, retain little control over their personal data. While promising to be the great equalizers, online platforms have often exacerbated social inequalities. Can the Internet be owned and governed differently?
New York Post article about high school students at the Secondary School for Journalism in Brooklyn protesting the schools adoption of an online learning platform from Facebook in 2018, arguing that this form of learning was not effective and opened them up to further surveillance by Facebook.
Yeshimabeit Milner - one of the founders of Data for Black Lives - wrote the 2018 An Open Letter to Facebook From the Data for Black Lives Movement that provides a compact historical analysis of data as both a tool for social change and a weapon against marginalized people, incisive critique of Facebook's handling of and monetizing user data, and outlines three steps Facebook could take towards greater data accountability.
Academic Jathan Sandowski's provocative April 13, 2020 article from Real Life Magazine explores the ways that governments have used crises to ramp up surveillance practices - and how increased surveillance should not be a "trade-off" for public health.
A February 22, 2017 article from The Interceptexplores the public-private surveillance apparatus using Peter Thiel's Palantir as an example.