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Art and Design Education

A guide to resources and research in Art and Design Education

Research Tips

Keeping track of your research will make things a lot easier in the long run. Figure out a way that works for you, maybe a notebook, maybe an online document, perhaps sending emails to a particular folder - something that makes sense to you.

Things to track:

  • Which databases you are using and what keywords you use in each one. You will get different results with specific keywords depending on the database. Tracking this makes sure you won't keep going back to the same place and putting in the same keywords and not getting any new or better results.
  • Citation information (refer to the Citing Sources tab for information on formatting citations) - there's nothing more frustrating than being in the middle of writing a paper and discovering that you can't remember where you found a certain article. If you can't find the full citation, you won't be able to use it in your paper.
  • Dates that you conduct searches. If you're working on a longer-term project, you may have gaps of time between research sessions. Databases are constantly adding new material, so you may want to repeat a particularly successful search if some time has passed to see what's new.

Brainstorm Keywords


Building a bank of keywords will make the rest of your research much simpler.

1. Gather background information, which will give you some key words to start with, and make your research a little easier.

2. Brainstorm other search terms: think of synonyms, or more technical terms, or official language vs. colloquial language

3. Think of some narrower search terms to get even more specific and some broader words in case you aren't finding much.

4. Think about what ideas and terms are related to your subject that might also be helpful.

Even when you've got a good keyword bank started, keep adding to it!

If you find a good article or book, look at the data record to see what other terms and subjects are used to describe it.

Remember that with library resources especially, it pays to search smart:

use AND in between search terms to group them together

use OR for more results

use NOT if you want to exempt a word from your results

use quotation marks "_" to isolate phrases

use the wildcard * to get all versions of a word

Subject Headings

Subject headings are predetermined terms that describe the topic of a particular resource, such as a book or article.  Although most people will begin their search with keywords, the use of subject headings can sometimes help narrow your search by eliminating irrelevant results.  If your keyword searches haven't proven too successful, subject headings can sometimes provide additional vocabulary terms that might improve your search results.

Examples of subject headings in art and design education include:

  • Art--Study and teaching--History
  • Art--Study and teaching--New York (City)
  • Art--Study and Teaching--North America--History
  • Art--Study and teaching--Periodicals
  • Art--Study and teaching--Philosophy
  • Art--Study and teaching--Research--Methodology
  • Art--Study and teaching--United States
  • Art--Study and teaching (Primary)
  • Art--Study and teaching (Secondary)
  • Design--Study and teaching

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